11/26/2021

Db02 Tcode In Sap

This blog will explain about getting insight into SAP database growth and controlling the growth.

DB02MSS SAP tcode - Db02 for MS SQL Server DB02MSS (Db02 for MS SQL Server) is a standard SAP transaction code available within R/3 SAP systems depending on your version and release level. Below for your convenience is a few details about this tcode including any standard documentation available. Posted by ITsiti — October 2, 2010 in SAP BASIS — 1 Comment Transaction code DB02 is to analyze and monitor database statistics (db growth, table space size, missing index & etc).

Db02 Tcode In Sap Basis

Questions that will be answered are:

  • Do I have a database growth issue?
  • What are my largest tables?
  • How do I categorize my tables?

SAP Transaction Code DB02 (Tables and Indexes Monitor) - SAP TCodes - The Best Online SAP Transaction Code Analytics.

Why control database growth?

Controlling database growth has several reasons:

  • When converting to S/4 HANA you could end up with smaller physical HANA blade and need to buy less memory licenses from SAP
  • Less data storage leads to less costs (think also about production data copied back to acceptance, development and sandbox systems)
  • Back up / restore procedures are longer with large databases
  • Performance is better with smaller databases
Sap

Database growth

Sap t code mm03

The most easy way to check if the database is growing too fast or not is using the Database Growth section in the SAP EWA (early watch alert). The EWA has both graphical and table representation for the growth:

Or you can check online in the EWA workspace.

You now have to determine if the growth is acceptable or not. This depends a bit on the usage of the system, amount of users, business data, and if you already stretched your infrastructure or not.

Which are my largest tables?

To find the largest tables and indexes in your system start transaction DB02. In here select the option Space/Segments/Detailed Analysis and select all tables larger than 1 GB (or 1000 MB):

Then wait for the results and sort the results by size:

You can also download the full list.

Analysis of the large tables

Processing of the tables is usually done by starting with the largest tables first.

You can divide the tables in following categories:

  1. Technical data: deletion and clean up can be done (logging you don’t want any more like some idoc types, application logging older than 2 years, etc)
  2. Technical data: archiving or storing can be done (idocs you must store, but don’t need fast access to, attachments)
  3. Functional data: archiving might be done here

SAP data management guide

Sap

SAP has a best practice document called “Data Management Guide for
SAP Business Suite” or “DVM guide”. This document is updated every quarter to half year. The publication location is bit hidden by SAP under their DVM (data volume management) service. In the bottom here goto SAP support and open the How-to-guides section. Or search on google with the term “Data Management Guide for SAP Business Suite” (you might end up with a bit older version). The guide is giving you options per large table to delete and/or archive data.

Common technical objects

Messages

Most common technical tables you will come across:

  • EDIDC, EDIDS, EDI40: idocs
  • DBTABLOG: table changes
  • BALHDR, BALDAT: application logging
  • SWW* (all that start with SWW): workflow tables
  • SYS_LOB…..$$: attachments (office attachments and/or DB storage of attachments and/or GOS, global object services attachments)

Detailed table analysis for functional tables: TAANA tool

For detailed analysis on functional tables the TAANA (table analysis) tool can be used. Simply start transaction TAANA.

Sap Messages Tcode

Now create a table analysis variant by giving the table name and selection of the analysis variant:

Sap T Code Mm03

The default variant will only do a record count. Some tables (like BKPF in this example) come with a predefined ARCHIVE variant. This is most useful option. If this option does not fit your need, you can also push the create Ad Hoc Report button and define your own variant.

Results of TAANA are visible after the TAANA batch job is finished.

By running the proper TAANA analysis for a large functional table you get insight into the distribution per year, company code, plant, document type etc. This will help you also estimate the benefits of archiving a specific object.

For TAANA improvement on dynamic subfields, please check this blog.

Db02 Tcode In Sap

If you run on HANA, you can also use SE16H for the table analysis.

Sap Db02 Sql Command Editor

Bug fix OSS note for TAANA:

From analysis to action

For the technical clean up read the special blog on this topic. For functional objects, you need to find the relation from the table to the functional data archiving object. This relation and how to find it is clearly explained in OSS note 2607963 – How to find the relationship between table and archive object.

Db02 Tcode In Sap Abap

SAP data volume management via SAP solution manager

SAP is offering option to report on data volume management via SAP solution manager directly or as a subsection in the EWA. Experience so far with this: too long in setup, too buggy. The methods described above are much, much faster and you get insight into a matter of hours. The DVM setup will take you hours to do and days/weeks to wait for results….